Respond to this discussion: fallacies of insufficient evidence that exerts the most influence on decision-making is a hasty generalization
Respond to this discussion
One of the nine common fallacies of insufficient evidence that exerts the most influence on my decision-making is a hasty generalization. Honestly, I tend to generalize topics or subjects that I do not fully understand. The hasty generalization occurs when one draws a general conclusion from a sample that is biased or too small; example, most college students receive financial aid (Bassham, Irwin, Nardone, & Wallace, 2013, p. 149). To avoid the pitfall of fallacies in decision-making in generalization, I will research unfamiliar topics. The lack of education on an issue leads to hasty generalization, stereotypes, biases, and prejudices. Politics is not white and black; grey areas exist. Even though politics has grey areas, job requirements and employment qualifications should be straightforward and nonbiased.
No matter if a person is a Democrat, Republican, or an Independent party job qualifications should be mandated when electing officials to govern the free world. Supporters and non- supporters of President Trump would agree that the President’s Cabinet is nontraditional, understaffed, and underqualified. According to the author, Paul Waldman, "this is shaping up to be nothing less than the worst Cabinet in American history" (Waldman, 2017). One example of the inexperience is the Secretary of the Treasury, Steven Mnuchin, never served in a government position and had no experience in setting macroeconomic policy, but he did lead Trump’s companies’ fundraising efforts (Waldman, 2017). Another example is the Secretary of Education, Betsy Deros, a billionaire Republican donor, has spent much of her adult life attempting to destroy public education in America (Waldman, 2017). If that isn’t enough, on her first press conference, she was unfamiliar with the basic educational policies (Waldman, 2017). Lastly, the Secretary of Labor, Andrew Puzder, is ironically the CEO of Carl’s Jr. and Hardee’s fast food restaurants. The man who will be responsible for safeguarding worker’s rights is against an increase in minimum wage, disputes overtime pay, and is against laws mandating more break times (Waldman, 2017).
President Trump’s elected Cabinet is a real-world example of an organization making poor decisions due to the fallacy of insufficient evidence, “inappropriate appeal to authority.” The fallacy of inappropriate appeal to authority is committed when an arguer cites a witness or authority, who, there is a good reason to believe, is unreliable or underqualified (Bassham, Irwin, Nardone, & Wallace, 2013, p. 140). One could argue that the cabinet is not an authority on the positions they are appointed. "An authority is a person who possesses specialized knowledge, competence, or expertise in a particular field (Bassham, Irwin, Nardone, & Wallace, 2013, p. 140). A recommendation to the organization to avoid similar mistakes in the future is to follow strict hiring qualifications especially in high-staked governmental positions and to limit hiring individuals on the sole basis of social and personal
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